Batch Centroid Calculations with Python and OGR

I recently had a question on how to do batch centroid calculations against GIS data. OGR to the rescue again!

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Using OGR’s Python bindings (GDAL/OGR needs to be built –with-geos=yes), one can process, say, an ESRI Shapefile, and calculate a centroid for each feature.

The script below does exactly this, and writes out a new dataset (any input / output format supported by OGR).

import sys
import osgeo.ogr as ogr

# process args
if len(sys.argv) < 4:
 print 'Usage: %s <format> <input> <output>' % sys.argv[0]

# open input file
dataset_in = ogr.Open(sys.argv[2])
if dataset_in is None:
 print 'Open failed.\n'

layer_in = dataset_in.GetLayer(0)
feature_in = layer_in.GetNextFeature()

# create output
driver_out = ogr.GetDriverByName(sys.argv[1])
if driver_out is None:
 print '%s driver not available.\n' % sys.argv[1]

dataset_out = driver_out.CreateDataSource(sys.argv[3])
if dataset_out is None:
 print 'Creation of output file failed.\n'

layer_out = dataset_out.CreateLayer(sys.argv[3], None, ogr.wkbPoint)
if layer_out is None:
 print 'Layer creation failed.\n'

# setup attributes
feature_in_defn = layer_in.GetLayerDefn()

for i in range(feature_in_defn.GetFieldCount()):
 field_def = feature_in_defn.GetFieldDefn(i)
 if layer_out.CreateField(field_def) != 0:
  print 'Creating %s field failed.\n' % field_def.GetNameRef()

feature_in = layer_in.GetNextFeature()

# loop over input features, calculate centroid and output features
while feature_in is not None:
 feature_out_defn = layer_out.GetLayerDefn()
 feature_out = ogr.Feature(feature_out_defn)
 for i in range(feature_out_defn.GetFieldCount()):
  feature_out.SetField(feature_out_defn.GetFieldDefn(i).GetNameRef(), \
  geom = feature_in.GetGeometryRef()
  centroid = geom.Centroid()
  if layer_out.CreateFeature(feature_out) != 0:
   print 'Failed to create feature.\n'
  feature_in = layer_in.GetNextFeature()

# cleanup

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Modified: 28 October 2023 14:12:12 EST