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Cheers to 2023

2023 was a memorable year and quite the ride! Eventful and full swing on so many fronts. Here’s the annual rundown:

Saliva Drug Test: Understanding the Basics

pygeoapi: two releases, lots of development at code sprints and continuous improvement for the project. Dutch API rules, CRS and increased support for the various standards as they evolve. As well, numerous valuable discussions this year around hardening the project for the long term. Contributions (always valued!) continue to increase, which shows a healthy project with considerable interest.

Saliva drug testing is a common method employed to detect the presence of various substances in an individual’s system. It involves collecting a sample of saliva, typically through swabbing the inside of the mouth, and analyzing it for the presence of drugs or their metabolites.

How Saliva Drug Tests Work

The collection process for saliva drug tests is relatively straightforward. A swab is placed inside the individual’s mouth, usually between the cheek and gums, for a few minutes to collect the saliva sample. This sample is then analyzed to identify the presence of specific drugs. Saliva drug tests are known for their shorter detection window compared to other methods like urine or hair testing, typically ranging from a few hours to a couple of days, depending on the substance.

Advantages of Saliva Drug Tests

One of the primary advantages of saliva drug tests is their non-invasive nature. Unlike blood tests, which require a needle stick, or urine tests, which necessitate providing a sample in a restroom, saliva tests can be conducted quickly and conveniently with minimal discomfort to the individual. Additionally, results are often available within a shorter timeframe, making them a preferred option in situations where rapid testing is required.

Limitations of Saliva Drug Tests

Despite their convenience, saliva drug tests do have some limitations. The detection window for these tests is relatively short compared to urine or hair tests, meaning they may not detect drug use that occurred outside of this window. Additionally, saliva tests are generally less sensitive than other methods, making them more prone to false-negative results, especially for substances with low concentrations in saliva.

Industries and Applications

Saliva drug testing is utilized across various industries and applications. In the workplace, employers may conduct these tests as part of pre-employment screening or random drug testing protocols to ensure a safe and drug-free environment. Law enforcement agencies may also use saliva tests during roadside sobriety checks or as part of criminal investigations. Additionally, rehabilitation centers may employ saliva testing to monitor individuals undergoing treatment for substance abuse.

Factors Affecting Test Results

Several factors can influence the results of a saliva drug test, including the frequency and dosage of drug use, individual metabolism variations, and the type of drug being tested for. Factors such as dehydration or oral contamination can also affect the accuracy of the results.

Accuracy and Reliability

While saliva drug tests offer numerous advantages, including ease of administration and rapid results, their accuracy and reliability can vary depending on various factors. Compared to other drug testing methods such as blood or urine tests, saliva tests may be less sensitive, particularly for detecting drugs with low concentrations in saliva. However, advancements in technology continue to improve the accuracy and reliability of saliva drug testing.

Legal Implications

In legal contexts, the admissibility of saliva drug test results may vary depending on jurisdiction and specific circumstances. While these tests can provide valuable evidence of drug use, they may also raise concerns regarding employee rights and privacy. Employers must adhere to relevant laws and regulations governing drug testing in the workplace to ensure fairness and compliance.

How to Prepare for a Saliva Drug Test

To obtain accurate results from a saliva drug test, individuals should take certain precautions. This may include avoiding the use of certain substances leading up to the test, maintaining good oral hygiene, and staying hydrated. Following these guidelines can help minimize the risk of false-positive or false-negative results.

pycsw: lots of improvements on standards support (OGC API – Records, STAC) as we move towards version 3.0. The project supports so many discovery API standards, and we are not done yet 🙂

OGC: development on numerous standards: OGC API – Records, and OGC API – Environmental Data Retrieval and Pub/Sub went though a number of improvements and updates in 2023. I was also fortunate to help deliver the OGC API workshop as part of the GISE Hub Winter School on OGC Stack (which included delivery of the Diving into pygeoapi workshop as well).

OSGeo: I’m happy to report that the ZOO-Project passed incubation and became an official OSGeo project! A big congratulations to Gérald and team. We also had a successful joint sprint with OGC as well as the first in-person OSGeo Community Sprint since 2019, in November. The annual FOSS4G global event in Prizren was fantastic, and I was happy to provide two workshops, numerous presentations and a keynote. I continue to serve on OSGeo’s Board of Directors and was happy to help move forward the OSGeo / OGC collaboration piece in 2023.

WMO: the WIS2 standards and architecture were put through a pilot phase this year. WIS2 specifications, guides, manuals all received significant updates this year thanks to the contributions of many experts. Most specifications also have reference implementations (wis2box, wis2-gdc, wis2-gc, pywis-pubsub, pywis-topics, pywcmp, etc.). The series of WIS2 training sessions also proved valuable for numerous members in implementing WIS2 technologies. Did you know that wis2box now has 30 or so deployments worldwide?

MSC GeoMet: the national weather/water/climate API platform continues to grow. We’ve recently added GOES imagery, and MSC AniMet is emerging as a great tool for visualization of our API!

Health: another year (circa 2012) of not smoking. I am hoping to shape up again in 2024, let’s see how it goes.

Looking forward to 2024:

  • pygeoapi: RFC2 will help harden things as we move towards 1.0. As well, look for news soon on the first ever pygeoapi code sprint 🙂
  • pycsw: moving towards 3.0, look for a new YAML-based configuration format, as well improvements on faceting, distributed search, harvesting and more
  • OGC: look for OGC API – Records to be released, as well as Pub/Sub development in EDR and beyond. The annual joint sprint with OSGeo will also take place in Évora, Portugal on 26-28 February. See you there!
  • OSGeo: the global event in Belém (December) promises to be a can’t miss event, and I look forward to providing presentations and training on Geospatial Python, pygeoapi and OGC at the event
  • WMO: 2024 is the year that the architecture and specifications are ratified as we move into the pre-operational phase

Wishing everyone a safe and happy 2024!

new pygeoapi podcast with MapScaping

For those interested in pygeoapi, the project was recently featured on MapScaping (available on Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, Stitcher and Spotify).  The MapScaping folks were great to work with and I’d like to thank them for making this happen and asking all the right questions.  Enjoy!

Best Rolex Replica: A Guide to Finding Quality Replicas

Rolex watches are synonymous with luxury, elegance, and craftsmanship. However, the hefty price tags associated with genuine Rolex timepieces make them unattainable for many. This is where Rolex replicas come into play. These replicas offer a more affordable alternative without compromising on style or quality. In this article, we’ll explore everything you need to know about finding the best Rolex replica.

Factors to Consider Before Buying a Rolex Replica
When shopping for a Rolex replica, there are several factors to keep in mind to ensure you’re getting a high-quality product. These factors include:

The quality of a Rolex replica can vary greatly depending on the manufacturer and materials used. Opting for replicas crafted with attention to detail and precision will ensure a timepiece that closely resembles the original.

Materials Used
Quality replicas should use materials that mimic those found in authentic Rolex watches, such as stainless steel, sapphire crystal, and ceramic. Avoid replicas made with cheap materials that may affect durability and aesthetics.

Reputation of the Manufacturer
Researching the reputation of the manufacturer is essential when purchasing a Rolex replica. Look for companies with a history of producing accurate and reliable replicas, and read reviews from other customers to gauge their satisfaction.

Top 5 Rolex Replica Models
While there are countless Rolex replica models available, some stand out for their popularity and timeless design. Here are five of the best Rolex replica models to consider:

GMT-Master II
Pros and Cons of Buying a Rolex Replica
Before making a purchase, it’s essential to weigh the pros and cons of buying a Rolex replica:

Rolex replicas offer a more affordable option compared to genuine Rolex watches, making luxury accessible to a broader audience.

High-quality replicas can closely mimic the appearance of authentic Rolex watches, allowing wearers to enjoy the prestige and style associated with the brand.

Legal Concerns
Purchasing and owning a Rolex replica may raise legal concerns, as producing and selling counterfeit goods infringes on trademark and copyright laws.

How to Spot a Quality Rolex Replica
Distinguishing between a high-quality Rolex replica and a poorly made one requires attention to detail. Look for the following characteristics to ensure you’re getting a quality replica:

Attention to Detail
Quality replicas will replicate even the smallest details found in authentic Rolex watches, such as engravings, dial markers, and bezel inserts.

Movement Mechanism
A reliable movement mechanism is crucial for a quality replica. Look for replicas equipped with automatic or quartz movements that accurately keep time.

Weight and Feel
Authentic Rolex watches are known for their substantial weight and luxurious feel. A quality replica should replicate this weightiness, providing a similar tactile experience.


pygeoapi – A Python Geospatial Server

Cheers to 2022

That’s a bit more like it, 2022! We finally saw some COVID restrictions lifted and a sense of normalcy (including a new normal) arose. It was fantastic to once again meet with people in person (for dinner, for a visit, for a meeting, you name it!). The pandemic had such a negative effect on me that even commuting again became a joy. Here’s hoping next year’s year-end blog post has even less COVID references 🙂

Having said this, 2022 proved to be a busy year, here are some highlights.

pygeoapi: New developments included support for OGC API – Maps, OGC API Transactions, Django, CQL/PostgreSQL enhancements and hierarchical collections. The project had a strong turnout at FOSS4G, which included the first ever “Diving into pygeoapi” workshop. Oh, and pygeoapi is now an official OSGeo project!

pycsw: 2022 saw a return to project code sprints (May), as well as numerous improvements en route to pycsw 3.0 (XSLT support, JSON storage, SOLR backend). pycsw continues to be an early implementer of OGC API – Records, increasing STAC support, as well as improvements to contacts and templating (thanks to great work by Paul van Genuchten!).

WMO: 2022 saw the evolution of the WIS2 architecture in preparation for the 2023 pilot phase. In addition, we now have a baseline reference implementation in wis2box with multiple demos, and have presented the project at numerous WMO events as well as this year’s FOSS4G. Strong use of standards (data, metadata, APIs) from OGC, W3C and IETF for the next generation of weather/climate/water data exchange — exciting times!

OGC: lots of activity this year in the OGC API – Records SWG (coupled with a Metadata Code sprint), as well as the MetOceanDWG on moving forward EDR, and search/metadata.

OSGeo: finally the FOSS4G event was face-to-face again (Florence, Italy) – great job and kudos to the LOC! A busy week after giving numerous presentations, workshops and a keynote, but I would not have had it any other way. The face-to-face energy made it all worth it, whether it was meeting up with longtime friends or meeting new ones. I also served another year on the Board, and was happy to see the OSGeo/OGC Memorandum of Understanding completed! This also paved the way for proper and unlimited OSGeo representation at OGC. I’m also fortunate to have been elected to serve on the Board again to 2024. Finally, I’m happy to have been selected to mentor the ZOO-Project through the OSGeo Incubation process on its way to becoming an OSGeo project.

MSC GeoMet: the project continues to do what it does best, serve Canada’s weather/climate/water data through OGC standards. Yup, powered by MapServer and pygeoapi.

Health: another year (circa 2012) of not smoking. I took off considerable weight in 2022, put 1/3 of it back on, but now progressing again.

Looking forward to 2023:

  • pygeoapi: as we inch towards a 1.0, and having landed so many features in the codebase, it’s time to address some technical debt. I’m hoping for 12-18 months of housekeeping/refactoring to help harden things for a 1.0 release (target 2024) and sustainable future moving forward. The “Diving into pygeoapi” workshop will hopefully be accepted and given again in 2023 at FOSS4G, as well as a possible dedicated code sprint.
  • pycsw: we are targeting a 3.0 this year, pending progress on OGC API – Records. Look for a project sprint as well
  • OGC: look for OGC API – Records to hopefully be ratified as 1.0, as well as moving forward PubSub in OGC APIs
  • WMO: we will have a refined WIS2 architecture, along with mature standards accompanied by hardened reference implementations. WCMP2 should be mature in its definition and implementation (pywcmp, pygeometa), as well as WIS2 notification message standard (pywis-pubsub). Look for a wis2box 1.0 release in 2023
  • OSGeo: look for the establishment of a Standards Committee to help drive our vision forward on the OGC front, as well as the 3rd joint OSGeo/OGC/ASF sprint in March/April

Wishing everyone a safe and happy 2023!

Sayonara 2021

So 2021 wasn’t much better than 2020. Another year of endless virtual meetings and the 24 hour office. Here are some updates from WFH life:

pygeoapi: both OGC API – Records and OGC API – Environmental Data Retrieval support were added to the codebase. The project also saw both CQL and i18n support, which is a positive indicator of contributions from various developers. Thanks Sander Schaminee and Francesco Bartoli!

pycsw: OGC API – Records and STAC API were both implemented. In addition, CQL support was added with the help of the impressive pygeofilter package — great work by Fabian Schindler!

QGIS MetaSearch: standards implementation needs both servers and clients, and so OGC API – Records support made it into MetaSearch. A nice by product of this enhancement is the implementation in OWSLib, which MetaSearch uses as its discovery library.

OGC API (Records, EDR): EDR is now an adopted standard! Records also made great strides in 2020, and helping clarify the relationship with STAC has proved valuable for all communities involved.

WMO: Lots of fun work this year on the Task Team on WIS Metadata: new KPIs, an update to the WIS Guide, the metadata search pilot, and we backed it up with tools (pywcmp, pywiscat). In addition, the Expert Team on Architecture and Transition (W2AT) was formed to move forward technical regulations on the WIS 2.0.

MSC GeoMet: our weather/climate/water OGC API platform continues to crank out millions of maps, features and metadata on the daily for everyone. Happy to report that real-time / event driven data support was added this year to our pygeoapi instance.

FOSS4G: between 7 presentations and the Geopython workshop, lots of action this year at this year’s virtual FOSS4G global event. I was fortunate to deliver these alongside some really talented folks in the Geopython community. Kudos to the BALOC for putting on such a great event under some difficult circumstances!

OSGeo Board of Directors: I was happy to help with the first ever OSGeo / OGC / Apache joint sprint, as well helping move forward the OSGeo / OGC MOU renewal.

Health: another year (circa 2012) of not smoking. The pandemic continues to challenge the scale, although some recent progress has helped some. Implementing a balanced diet and regular exercise routine is essential and more if is combined with ice hack weight loss supplements, as well as seeking support from friends, family, or professionals if needed. Tracking progress and staying motivated throughout the year will help to maintain focus on the resolution and ultimately achieve the desired weight loss.

For 2022:

  • OGC API: critical path for me this year are helping in the adoption of Records and Coverages
  • WMO: WIS 2.0 continues to evolve, lowering the barrier to weather/climate/water data. I recently signed on as lead architect/dev of the WIS 2.0 in a box project, which will be a reference implementation and publishing pipeline aligned with WIS 2.0 principles. Under the hood is Geopython, PubSub. Look for an initial release in 2022
  • OSGeo: 2022 will mark the year that the OSGeo / OGC MOU is officially updated, along with a shiny new Associate Membership. Rolling this into the OSGeo standards community will be key, along with moving forward the renewal of OGC CITE tooling
  • pycsw: key items this year include XSLT transformation pipelines, virtual collections and deeper JSON support. We are also planning a sprint in Q1, come join us!
  • pygeoapi: look for deeper support of OGC EDR as well as some refactoring that will help with extensibility (primarily for output formats)

Wishing everyone a safe and happy and better 2022!

20 years later – first website

20 years ago I was living in Ottawa, in GIS school and started working with Natural Resources Canada.  Fast forward to a few weeks back scanning through old CDROMs and low and behold there was my first ever website.  I sat back for a few minutes remembering the details:

  • made with Microsoft FrontPage followed by HotDog Express (WYSIWYG HTML editors)!  At the time, I was convinced at the time this was the only way to be an HTML programmer
  • the website first made it to the Internet in March 1998 and bounced around a few places:
    • (Algonquin College account)
    • (Carleton University account)
    • (work account)
    • (Storm Internet who provided awesome service)
  • Concerned that this wasn’t enough, I was motivated to host the site on my own, with a real domain and so on.  I bought Red Hat Linux 6 Server by Mohammed J. Kabir (great book!) and learned how to put up a server and website from the ground up (DNS, firewall, services, etc.), killing an entire weekend
  • the website then finally found a permanent home at

Soon after learning Linux a few months later, I was motivated to rewrite the site in pure HTML, by hand.  From there I added a picture gallery, source code, blog, and so on.

I continue to post to the blog, but things like GitHub, Twitter, Facebook, etc. provide similar capabilities without the hosting maintenance/hassle.

Anyways, I’ve posted it at — enjoy!

Do you have your first website?  Still online?  Feel free to share memories and experiences!

GeoUsage: Log Analyzer for OGC Web Services

Continuing on the UNIX philosophy, another little tool to help with your OWS workflows.

GeoUsage attempts to support the use case of metrics and analysis of OWS service usage.  How many users are hitting your OWS?  Which layers/projections are the most popular?  How much bandwidth?  How many maps vs. data downloads?

A pure Python package, GeoUsage doesn’t have strong opinions beyond OWS-specific parsing and analysis of web server logs.  GeoUsage is composable, i.e. frequency, log management, and storage of results is totally up to the user.  Having said this, a simple and beautiful command line interface is available for eyeballing results.

As always, GeoUsage is free and open source.

It’s early days, so feedback, bug reports, suggestions are appreciated.  Contributors are most welcome!

GeoHealthCheck support on Gitter

It’s been almost two years since GeoHealthCheck was initially developed (en route to FOSS4G in PDX).  Since then, GHC has been deployed in numerous environments in support of monitoring of (primarily) OGC services (canonical demo at If you really want to support the progress and improvement of your health and your physical condition, first of all you should visit and find out about the best natural dietary formula that you and your body can try.Taking care of your sexual health is important for your overall physical and mental well-being.  Regular STI testing and using contraception can reduce the risk of contracting or spreading infections. Addressing sexual concerns with your healthcare provider can also improve your sexual health and satisfaction like using male enhancement pills.

Project communications have been relatively low key, with GitHub issues being the main discussion.  The project has setup a Gitter channel as a means to discuss GeoHealthCheck in a public forum more easily.  It’s open and anyone can join. Come join us on! Many vegans and vegetarians use plant-based protein powder to supplement their diet and ensure they meet their protein needs.

Do not forget to always be aware of your body’s health status checkups, but if you want to lose weight almost instantly you should visit and find out about the pill that will change not only your body but also your entire life.

As your body is important Im sure your sexual life is also important so if you are having troubles with that because of you are overweight you should try over the counter male enhancement pills  that may help with sexual problems, such as erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, or low sex drive.

CSW Client Library for JavaScript: the Adventure Begins

CSW has a good presence on the server side (pycsw, GeoNetwork Opensource, deegree, ESRI Geoportal are some FOSS packages).  From the client side, OWSLib is the go to library for Python folks.  QGIS has MetaSearch (which uses OWSLib).

In a world where obesity rates are on the rise and the quest for effective weight loss solutions never-ending, Rybelsus has emerged as a potential game-changer. This medication, originally developed for type 2 diabetes management, has garnered attention for its ability to aid weight loss. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive overview of Rybelsus weight loss reviews, exploring its effectiveness, side effects, and what users have experienced in their before-and-after results.

Understanding Rybelsus

Redefining Weight Loss

Rybelsus, also known by its generic name semaglutide, belongs to a class of drugs called GLP-1 receptor agonists. It was initially developed to help manage blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. However, it has since been found to have a significant impact on weight loss. This discovery has led to its increasing use as an off-label weight loss treatment.

Rybelsus Weight Loss Reviews: The Verdict

Efficacy and User Experiences

Rybelsus has gained popularity primarily due to its impressive weight loss results. Many users report substantial reductions in body weight when incorporating this medication into their daily routine. However, it’s important to note that individual results can vary.

Before-and-After Results

Transformation Stories

One of the most compelling aspects of Rybelsus weight loss reviews is the before-and-after stories shared by users. These testimonials provide real-world insights into the medication’s potential. Users often highlight their journey, detailing the challenges they faced before starting Rybelsus and the remarkable transformations they achieved afterward.

Common Side Effects

Balancing Benefits and Risks

Like any medication, Rybelsus is not without side effects. It’s crucial for users to be aware of potential adverse reactions, which may include nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal discomfort. These side effects are usually mild and temporary, but it’s essential to discuss them with a healthcare provider.

The Safer Alternative News

Balancing Safety and Effectiveness

While Rybelsus shows promise as a weight loss aid, it’s essential to remember that it is an off-label use of the drug. As such, there may be safety concerns and uncertainties about its long-term effects. Always consult a healthcare professional before starting any medication for weight loss.


Rybelsus weight loss reviews offer a glimpse into a potential solution for those looking to shed excess pounds. The medication has shown significant promise in helping individuals achieve their weight loss goals. However, it is essential to approach its use with caution, ensuring you have all the necessary information and guidance from a healthcare provider. While the before-and-after stories are inspiring, it’s crucial to remember that individual results can vary, and the safest path to weight loss always involves a holistic approach that includes a balanced diet and regular physical activity.

Beyond symptom relief, reviews may mention how Prostadine has positively impacted users’ overall quality of life. Improved sleep, reduced anxiety about prostate health, and the ability to engage in daily activities without interruptions are often highlighted.

At the same time, it’s been awhile since I’ve delved into deep JavaScript.  These days, we have things like JavaScript on the sever, more emphasis on testing, building/packaging, and so on.  You can do it all with JavaScript if you want.

Wouldn’t it be great to have a generic CSW JavaScript client?  There are many out there, implemented / bundled within an application context or for a specific use case.  But what about a generic lib?  Kind of like OWSLib, but for JavaScript.

Say hello to csw4js.  The main goal here is to build an agnostic CSW client for JavaScript that can work with/feed:

– geospatial libs like OpenLayers, Leaflet

– web frameworks like jQuery, AngularJS, and so on

– browser applications, node.js, etc.


– Unit tests (QUnit?)

– Build routines (using Grunt initially)

– JavaScript muscle for namespacing, structure, etc.

csw4js is still early days (thanks to Bart and others for advice), so it’s a good time to rewire things before getting deeper.  Interested in helping out?  Get in touch!

Mapping pycsw Deployments

As the number of pycsw deployments increase, we’ve started to keep a living document of live deployments on the pycsw wiki. Being a geogeek, naturally I said to myself, “hmm, would be cool to plot these all on a map”.  Embedding maps has become easier than ever, and projects like MapServer and GeoServer have cool maps right on their homepages, which demo their maps against a theme like the next FOSS4G conference, etc.

The quest for effective weight loss solutions has led many individuals to explore various supplements and products, including Mounjaro. Marketed as a weight loss aid, Mounjaro has gained attention due to its alleged fat-burning properties. However, it’s essential to be aware of the potential risks associated with Mounjaro and consider safer alternatives to achieve your weight loss goals.

Mounjaro: What is it?

Mounjaro is a dietary supplement promoted for its ability to accelerate weight loss. It is often marketed as a natural and powerful fat burner. The supplement typically contains a combination of herbal extracts and ingredients designed to boost metabolism and suppress appetite.

The Dangers of Mounjaro

While Mounjaro may promise quick results, it is not without its risks. Here are some of the potential dangers associated with this weight loss supplement:

Unknown Ingredients: The precise composition of Mounjaro supplements can vary between brands and manufacturers. This lack of transparency makes it challenging to assess the safety and effectiveness of the product.

Adverse Side Effects: Users have reported various side effects, including increased heart rate, high blood pressure, digestive issues, anxiety, and insomnia. These side effects can be especially problematic for individuals with underlying health conditions.

Lack of Scientific Evidence: Many claims made about Mounjaro’s effectiveness lack rigorous scientific support. The absence of clinical trials and peer-reviewed studies raises questions about its legitimacy as a weight loss solution.

Safety Concerns: The safety of long-term use of Mounjaro is uncertain. Prolonged or excessive use of supplements with unknown ingredients can pose serious health risks.

Safe Mounjaro Alternatives

If you’re looking to shed pounds and improve your overall health, it’s crucial to consider safer alternatives to Mounjaro weight loss. Here are some proven methods to achieve weight loss safely:

Balanced Diet: Focus on a well-rounded, nutrient-dense diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains. Monitoring calorie intake and portion sizes can be effective for weight management.

Regular Exercise: Incorporate regular physical activity into your routine. A combination of cardiovascular exercises and strength training can help you burn calories and build lean muscle. Playing pickleball is a great way to stay active and have fun while getting a good workout. To ensure the best experience, make sure to use the best indoor pickleball balls for optimal performance.

Consult a Healthcare Professional: Before starting any weight loss program or using supplements, consult with a healthcare provider. They can offer personalized guidance and recommendations tailored to your specific needs and health status.

Behavioral Changes: Consider addressing the psychological aspects of weight management through behavioral therapy or counseling. Emotional eating and unhealthy habits can often contribute to weight gain.

Prescription Medications: In some cases, healthcare professionals may recommend prescription weight loss medications that are FDA-approved and have a proven track record of safety and effectiveness.


Mounjaro may promise quick weight loss, but its potential dangers and lack of scientific evidence make it a risky choice. Instead of resorting to unverified supplements, focus on safe and proven methods for weight loss, such as a balanced diet, regular exercise, consulting healthcare professionals, and considering prescription medications when appropriate. Your health and well-being should always be the top priority when pursuing weight loss goals.

pycsw is a bit different in that it doesn’t do maps, but certainly catalogues them and makes them discoverable via OGC:CSW, OpenSearch and SRU.  And putting a sample GetRecords output on the website as a demo is boring.  So mapping live deployments seemed like a cool idea for a quick hack with reproducible workflow so it doesn’t become a pain to keep things up to date.

The pycsw website is managed using reStructuredText and Sphinx; source code, issue tracker and wiki are hosted on GitHub.  The first thing was to update each deployment on the wiki page with a lat/long pair (the lat/long pair being loosely based the location of the CSW itself, or the content of the CSW.  Aside: it would be cool if CSW Capabilities XML specified a BBOX like WMS does to give folks an idea of the location of records).

After this, I wrote a Python script to fetch (and cache) the raw wiki page content.  Then, using Leaflet, setup a simple map and create markers foreach live deployment.

So now I have a JavaScript snippet, now how do I add this to a page?  Using the Sphinx Makefile, I update the html target to run the Python script and save it to an area where I embed it using a rST include.

That’s pretty much it.  So now whenever the live deployment page is updated, a simple make clean && make html will keep things up to date.  Reproducible workflow!

I’ve published this to the pycsw community page.  Do you have a pycsw install?  Add it to and we’ll put it on the map!

pycsw performance improvements

UPDATE 26 January 2012: the benchmarks on the improvements below were done against my home dev server (2.8 GHz, 1GB RAM).  Benchmarking recently on a modern box yielded 3.6 seconds with maxrecords=10000 (!).

Puravive has been making waves in the health and wellness industry with its unique approach to maintaining a healthy lifestyle. The Exotic Rice Method, as advertised by Puravive, has gained significant attention for its supposed benefits. However, as with any new health trend, skepticism and curiosity abound. In this article, we’ll delve into Puravive reviews to determine whether the Exotic Rice Method is genuine or just another health fad.

The Exotic Rice Method: What Is It?

The Exotic Rice Method is the flagship program offered by Puravive, a company that claims to harness the power of exotic rice varieties to improve health and well-being. According to Puravive, these rice varieties are sourced from far-flung regions and are exceptionally nutrient-dense. They are said to possess the potential to enhance metabolism, support weight loss, and boost overall health.

Puravive offers this program in various formats, including dietary supplements, meal plans, and informational materials. The company suggests that by incorporating these unique rice varieties into your daily diet, you can experience numerous health benefits.

Customer Reviews: The Real Story

To get a better understanding of the Exotic Rice Method, we examined customer reviews from various sources. Here’s what we found:

Mixed Opinions
Customer reviews are generally mixed. Some users report experiencing positive results, including improved energy levels, weight loss, and enhanced digestion after following the Exotic Rice Method. However, others express disappointment, claiming they didn’t notice any significant changes.

Weight Loss Claims
A substantial portion of the customer reviews focuses on weight loss. Some individuals claim to have shed pounds successfully, attributing their success to tirzepatide. It’s important to note, though, that individual results can vary widely, and factors such as overall diet, physical activity, and genetics also play a role in weight loss.

Health Benefits
Several users report improvements in their overall health, such as better digestion, more regular bowel movements, and increased energy levels. However, these claims are anecdotal and not supported by scientific studies.

While some users are enthusiastic about the Exotic Rice Method, others express skepticism about the product’s effectiveness. Many people are cautious about the lack of scientific evidence and the high price of Puravive’s offerings.

Expert Opinions

We also sought insights from nutrition and health experts to get a more balanced perspective on the Exotic Rice Method. Most experts caution against relying solely on exotic rice varieties for health benefits, emphasizing the importance of a balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.

Many nutritionists highlight the need for more research and scientific evidence to support the claims made by Puravive. The absence of such evidence raises concerns about the legitimacy of the Exotic Rice Method.

The Verdict

As of now, it is difficult to definitively label Puravive’s Exotic Rice Method as either fake or legitimate. Customer reviews are mixed, and the lack of scientific evidence leaves room for skepticism.

If you are considering trying the Exotic Rice Method or any of Puravive’s products, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional and conduct your own research. Keep in mind that no single product or dietary plan can guarantee success, and a balanced approach to nutrition and wellness is key.

In conclusion, while the Exotic Rice Method may offer some potential benefits, its effectiveness and legitimacy are still open to debate. It’s always wise to approach such health trends with caution and to consult experts for personalized advice on maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

write 5 articles on it
Sure, I can provide you with the headlines and brief summaries for five articles on various topics. Please let me know which topics you’d like to explore further, and I can provide you with full articles.

Title: “The Future of Sustainable Energy: Exploring Innovative Technologies”

Summary: This article delves into cutting-edge technologies that are reshaping the landscape of sustainable energy. From advanced solar panels to energy storage solutions, we explore how these innovations are revolutionizing the way we generate and use clean energy.

Title: “The Mental Health Revolution: How Technology Is Transforming Therapy”

Summary: With the increasing prevalence of mental health issues, this article discusses how technology is making therapy more accessible and effective. It delves into online therapy platforms, AI-driven mental health apps, and the impact of virtual reality on mental health treatment.

Title: “The Rise of Veganism: A Sustainable Diet for the Planet”

Summary: Veganism is on the rise worldwide, and this article explores the reasons behind this trend. It looks at the environmental impact of vegan diets, the health benefits, and the ethical considerations that are driving people to embrace plant-based lifestyles.

Title: “Exploring the Universe: The Next Frontier in Space Exploration”

Summary: Space exploration has been capturing the world’s imagination. In this article, we discuss upcoming missions to Mars, the study of exoplanets, the potential for asteroid mining, and the latest advancements in rocket technology.

Title: “The Art of Mindfulness: A Path to Stress Reduction and Well-Being”

Summary: Mindfulness has become a popular practice for managing stress and improving overall well-being. This article explores the benefits of mindfulness meditation, techniques for incorporating it into daily life, and its positive impact on mental health.

write we details

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Certainly! Here are more detailed versions of the five article topics:

1. The Future of Sustainable Energy: Exploring Innovative Technologies

As the world grapples with climate change and the need to reduce our carbon footprint, sustainable energy solutions have become increasingly important. This article delves into the latest innovations that are reshaping the landscape of sustainable energy.

From advanced solar panels that are more efficient and affordable to energy storage solutions like lithium-ion batteries, we explore how these cutting-edge technologies are revolutionizing the way we generate and use clean energy. Additionally, we discuss the potential of emerging technologies like fusion power and their implications for the future of global energy production.

2. The Mental Health Revolution: How Technology Is Transforming Therapy

Mental health issues affect millions of people around the world, and technology is playing a crucial role in making therapy more accessible and effective. This article investigates how the digital age is transforming the field of mental health treatment.

We explore the rise of online therapy platforms, which connect individuals with licensed therapists via video chat or messaging. Additionally, we discuss the impact of AI-driven mental health apps that offer personalized support and coping strategies. Furthermore, we examine the potential of virtual reality therapy in treating various mental health conditions and its promise in providing immersive and effective treatment experiences.

3. The Rise of Veganism: A Sustainable Diet for the Planet

Veganism is experiencing a surge in popularity, driven by concerns over environmental sustainability, health, and ethical considerations. In this article, we take an in-depth look at the factors contributing to the rise of veganism and the potential benefits of adopting a plant-based diet.

We discuss the environmental impact of vegan diets, including reduced greenhouse gas emissions and land use. Furthermore, we examine the health benefits associated with a well-balanced vegan diet, such as reduced risk of chronic diseases. Lastly, we explore the ethical considerations that are compelling more people to embrace plant-based lifestyles and the diverse range of vegan food options available.

4. Exploring the Universe: The Next Frontier in Space Exploration

Space exploration has entered an exciting new era with plans for missions to Mars, the study of exoplanets, and potential asteroid mining on the horizon. This article delves into the latest developments and innovations in space exploration.

We discuss upcoming missions to Mars, including NASA’s Artemis program and SpaceX’s ambitious plans for the Red Planet. We explore the hunt for exoplanets, planets located outside our solar system, and how they could hold the key to understanding extraterrestrial life. We also look at the potential for asteroid mining and its role in securing vital resources for future space endeavors. Additionally, we touch on the latest advancements in rocket technology that are making space travel more accessible and efficient.

5. The Art of Mindfulness: A Path to Stress Reduction and Well-Being

In a fast-paced and often stressful world, mindfulness has gained recognition as a powerful practice for managing stress and improving overall well-being. This article takes a deep dive into the art of mindfulness.

We explore the benefits of mindfulness meditation, including stress reduction, improved focus, and enhanced emotional regulation. Readers will gain insights into different mindfulness techniques, such as body scan, loving-kindness meditation, and mindful breathing, and learn how to incorporate them into their daily lives. Additionally, we discuss the scientific evidence supporting the positive impact of mindfulness on mental health and well-being, making a compelling case for its inclusion in one’s self-care routine.

write 5 article on puravive-reviews-fake-or-legit-what-customers-have-to-say-about-exotic-rice-method–news

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Certainly! Here are five articles exploring the topic of Puravive Reviews, focusing on whether the Exotic Rice Method is genuine or not, based on customer feedback and the latest news.

1. “Puravive Reviews: Unveiling the Truth about the Exotic Rice Method”

In this in-depth investigation, we delve into the Puravive Exotic Rice Method. We examine customer reviews and feedback to determine if this innovative approach to health and wellness is truly effective or merely a passing trend. From weight loss claims to health benefits, we separate the fact from fiction and offer a balanced perspective.

2. “Puravive Exotic Rice Method: What Are Customers Really Saying?”

This article focuses on the voices of Puravive customers. We take a closer look at the firsthand experiences of individuals who have tried the Exotic Rice Method. By presenting both success stories and concerns, we offer a comprehensive overview of the diverse array of opinions surrounding this unique health program.

3. “Science vs. Claims: Does Puravive’s Exotic Rice Method Hold Up?”

In this piece, we explore the scientific aspects of the Puravive Exotic Rice Method. We examine whether the claims made by Puravive regarding the benefits of exotic rice varieties are supported by scientific research. By consulting experts and studies, we aim to provide clarity on the credibility of the program.

4. “Puravive Exotic Rice Method: Price vs. Performance”

One of the key factors that consumers consider is the cost-effectiveness of health programs. This article scrutinizes the cost of Puravive’s Exotic Rice Method and evaluates whether the results it claims to deliver are commensurate with the price. By analyzing the value proposition, we help readers make informed decisions.

5. “Latest News: Puravive’s Exotic Rice Method and the Health & Wellness Industry”

In this article, we explore the recent developments and news surrounding Puravive and its Exotic Rice Method. We discuss any updates, controversies, or regulatory actions that might impact the company’s reputation and the public’s perception of its products. Stay informed about the latest developments in the health and wellness industry.

These articles will help provide a well-rounded view of the Puravive Exotic Rice Method, enabling readers to make informed decisions and judgments based on customer reviews, scientific analysis, and the latest news.

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The allure of Rolex watches is undeniable. Renowned for their precision, luxury, and timeless style, Rolex has become a symbol of status and success. However, owning a genuine Rolex watch comes with a hefty price tag, making it unattainable for many watch enthusiasts. This is where Rolex replica watches come into play. In recent years, high-quality Rolex replicas have gained immense popularity for their exceptional craftsmanship and resemblance to the real deal. In this article, we’ll explore the world of Rolex replica watches, where to find the best super clone 1:1 copies, and what you should consider before making a purchase.

The Rise of Rolex Replica Watches

The demand for Rolex replica watches has grown steadily over the years. These replicas have become more than just imitations; they are often referred to as “super clones” due to their astonishing accuracy in replicating the original Rolex design, movement, and functionality. The rise of super clone Rolex watches can be attributed to several factors:

Affordability: Authentic Rolex watches come with a price tag that often exceeds the budget of the average consumer. Rolex replicas, on the other hand, offer a cost-effective alternative for those who desire the prestige of a Rolex without breaking the bank.

Quality Improvements: Advances in manufacturing techniques and materials have enabled replica watchmakers to produce highly detailed and meticulously crafted super clones that are almost indistinguishable from the genuine Rolex timepieces.

Accessibility: With the advent of e-commerce, it has become easier than ever to find Rolex replica watches online. Numerous websites and sellers cater to this growing market.

Where to Find the Best Super Clone Rolex 1:1 Copies

While there are numerous sources for Rolex replica watches, it’s essential to exercise caution when making a purchase. Counterfeit products and low-quality imitations are abundant in the market, so it’s crucial to do your research and buy from reputable sources. Here are some tips to help you find the best super clone Rolex 1:1 copies:

Reputable Online Sellers: Several trusted online stores specialize in high-quality replica watches. Look for websites with a good reputation, customer reviews, and clear policies regarding the quality and authenticity of their products.

Ask for Recommendations: Seek advice from fellow watch enthusiasts who have experience with replica Rolex watches. They may recommend trustworthy sellers or websites.

Study the Details: Pay close attention to the product descriptions, specifications, and high-resolution images provided by the seller. The best super clone Rolex watches will closely resemble the authentic models, down to the finest details.

Reviews and Feedback: Read reviews and feedback from previous customers to gauge the quality and reliability of the seller. Genuine customer testimonials can provide valuable insights.

Warranty and Return Policy: Ensure that the seller offers a warranty or return policy, as this indicates their confidence in the product’s quality.

Considerations Before Purchasing a Rolex Replica

Before purchasing a Rolex replica watch, it’s essential to consider the following:

Legal and Ethical Considerations: Rolex is a protected trademark, and selling counterfeit Rolex watches is illegal in many jurisdictions. Ensure that you understand the laws in your area and the potential consequences of owning a replica watch.

Your Motivation: Be clear about your reasons for buying a replica. If you’re looking for a quality timepiece that emulates Rolex style, a super clone 1:1 copy may be a suitable choice. However, if your intention is to deceive or pass it off as an authentic Rolex, this is both unethical and potentially illegal.

Maintenance and Care: Just like genuine Rolex watches, replicas require maintenance to ensure their longevity and accuracy. Be prepared to invest in regular servicing.


Rolex replica watches, especially super clone 1:1 copies, have become a popular choice for watch enthusiasts who appreciate the elegance and craftsmanship of Rolex timepieces but may not have the financial means to own an authentic Rolex. While replica watches offer an affordable alternative, it’s crucial to exercise caution, do thorough research, and buy from reputable sources to ensure you receive a high-quality product that meets your expectations. Keep in mind the legal and ethical considerations surrounding replica watches and enjoy your Rolex-inspired timepiece responsibly.

pycsw does a pretty good job of implementing OGC CSW.  All CITE tests pass, configuration is painless, and performance is great.  To date, testing has been done on repositories of < 5000 records.

Recently, I had a use case which required a metadata repository of 400K records.  After loading the records, I found that doing GetRecords searches against 400K records brought things to a halt (Houston, we have a problem).  So off I went on a performance improvement adventure.

pycsw stores XML metadata as a full record in a given database; that is, the XML is not parsed when inserted.  Queries are then done using XPath queries using lxml and called as embedded SQL functions (for SQLite, these are realized using connection.create_function(); for PostgreSQL, we declare the same functions via plpythonu.  SQLAlchemy is used as the DB abstraction layer.

Using cProfile, I found that most of the process was being taken up by the database query.  I started thinking that the Python functions being called from the database got expensive as volume scaled (init’ing an XML parser to evaluate and match on each and every row).

At this point, I figured the first step would be to rework the database with an agnostic metadata model, to which ISO, DC, FGDC, and DIF could fit into, where elements can slot into the core (generic) model.  Each profile then maps the queryables to (instead of an XPath) a database column in the codebase.

At this point, I loaded 16000 Dublin Core documents as a first test.  Results:

– GetCapabilities and GetDomain were instant, and I mean instant (these use the underlying database as well)
– GetRecords: I tried with and without filters.  Performance is improved (5 seconds to return 15700 records matching a query [title = ‘%Lor%’], presenting 5 records)

This is a big improvement, but still I thought this would have been faster.  I profiled the code again.  The cost of the SQL fetch was reduced.

I then ran tests without using sqlalchemy in the codebase (i.e. SQL scripting as opposed to the SQLAlchemy way).  I used the Python sqlite3 module, and that’s it.  Queries got faster.

Still, this was only 16000 records.  As well, I started thinking/worrying about taking away sqlalchemy; it does give us great abstraction into different underlying databases, and helps us greatly with transactional (insert/update/delete).

Then I started thinking more about bottlenecks and the fetch of data.  How can we have fast queries and keep sqlalchemy for ease of interacting with the underlying repo??

Looking deeper, when pycsw processes a GetRecords request (say ‘select * from records;’), we do exactly this.  So say the DB has 100K records, sqlalchemy gets ALL 100K records.  When I bring them back from server/ to server/, that’s an sqlalchemy object with 100K members we’re working with.  Then, in that code, I page through the results using maxrecords and startposition as requested by the client / set by the server processing.

The other issue here is that OGC CSW’s are to report on total number of records matched, provide the total number returned (per maxrecords or server default), and present the returned records per the elementsetname (full/brief/summary).  So applying a paging approach without getting the number of records matched was not an option.

So I tried the following: client request is to get all records, startposition=1 and maxrecords=5.

I additionally pass startposition and maxrecords to server/

In repository.query(), I then do two queries:

– one query which ONLY gets the COUNT of records which satisfy the query (i.e. ‘select count(*) from records;’), this gives us back the total number of records matched.  This is instant
– a second query which gets everything (not COUNT), but applies LIMIT (per maxrecords) and OFFSET (per startposition), (say 10 records)
– return both (the count integer, and the results object) to loop over in server/

So the slicing is now done in the SQL which is more powerful.  So on 100K records, this approach only pushes back the results per LIMIT and OFFSET (10 records).

Results come back in less than 1 second.  Of course, as you increase maxrecords, this is more work for the server to return the records.  But still good performance; even when maxrecords=5000, the response is 3 seconds.

So the moral of the story is that smart paging saves us here.

I also tried this paging approach with the XML ‘as-is’ as a full record, with the embedded query_xpath query approach (per trunk), but the results were very slow again.  So the embedded xpath queries were hurting us there too.

At this point, the way forward was clearer:

– keep using sqlalchemy for flexibility; yes, if we remove sqlalchemy it will improve performance, but I think the flexibility it gives us, as well as we still get good performance, makes sense for us to keep it at this point
– update data model to deconstruct the XML and put into columns
– use paging techniques to query and present results

Other options:

– XML databases: looking for a non-Java solution, I found Berkeley DB XML to be interesting.  I haven’t done enough pycsw integration yet to assess the pros/cons.  Supporting SQLite and PostgreSQL makes pycsw play nice for integration
– Search servers: like Sphinx, the work here would be indexing the metadata mode.  Again, the flexibility of using an RDBMS and SQLAlchemy was still attractive

Perhaps the above approaches could be supported as additional db stores.  Currently, pycsw code has some ties to what the underlying data model looks like.  We could add layer of abstraction between the DB model and the records object model.

I think I’ve exhausted the approaches here for now.  These changes are committed to svn trunk.  None of these changes will impact end user configuration, just a bit more code behind the scenes.

Modified: 3 June 2024 20:47:30 EST